What Does Interior Design Include?

retail space design

In this article, we will cover the six constructs of interior designing and how it plays a part in a retail space and office interior designing.

Interior design is often misunderstood for interior decoration which focuses on the aesthetics of an internal environment. Interior design goes beyond design, colours, and appearance as it affects people’s perception, premise layout and intangible aspects of a workspace such as people’s moods and feelings. These are the six major constructs of interior designing:

(1) Effective Space Management

Depending on how space is managed, it can affect the efficiency and productivity of how a business operates. Effective space management serves as a base before design is applied. It is like a canvas before it is about to be painted. As all things occupy space, it is important to note the measurements of all the furniture and artworks within the working environment. When space management is carefully planned, the measurements of all objects will complement each other. This allows everything to fit seamlessly into the spaces and create a professional look.

There are two types of spaces, positive and negative spaces. Positive space is an area that is occupied by furniture, artwork or plants. Negative space is empty space, commonly used to give “breathing space” to occupants. Effective space management should strike a balance between both positive and negative spaces. This effectively ensures that the workspace is not too empty or congested.

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(2) Variety of Forms

Interior design manipulates various forms of shapes and sizes to create unique designs. These unique forms of designs are a combination of basic shapes like circles, squares, and triangles. When you combine various forms with other components of design such as texture, patterns, and colours, you can achieve new dimensions of aesthetically pleasing looks and structures.

(3) Good Lighting

Two common lighting types are natural and artificial lights. Both of them are used to bring out certain elements in spaces. Natural lighting enters the space through windows which are strategically placed to avoid glares or overheating on certain areas. Artificial lighting has three orientations of lighting which target different purposes in a workspace:

Objective Oriented Lighting: These light sources are usually the main ceiling lights or table lamps. While they can be used for various reasons, the main purpose of these lights is to provide clarity to work or read in. This also effectively protects users’ eyes from overstraining.

Highlight Oriented Lighting: This form of lighting can appear as background lighting or spotlights. It shines on an object or area to bring out its key features or capture attention. It can also boost different elements such as forms, colours, and textures.

Ambience Oriented Lighting: This form of lighting is seen daily and used for aesthetic purposes. A clear example of ambience-oriented lighting would be those found in a posh restaurant on Valentine’s Day. The lighting is dimmer and commonly use orange as their base colour due to its warm properties. The emphasis is on the people or target objects which becomes the focal point.

office room design

(4) Focal Points

The lack of focal points is dangerous to interior design as people have nowhere to place their focus on or may get lost and confused in a space. A nicely designed room has multiple focal points that capture attention and attract people to take a second glance, creating an impression that lasts. Besides capturing attention, it should be meaningful and essential to the theme and style of the space. This includes fitting in nicely with other elements within the space.

An example of focal points could be a fish tank or television set placed in the center of an environment. The focal point is usually the first thing people see when they enter a space. If it is difficult to incorporate a focal point into your space, you can create it by placing an emphasis on furniture, artworks or potted plants by using lighting. It is important to balance all aspects of interior designing so that everything fits nicely together. With that being said, the focal point should not be too extravagant as it would overly dominate the surroundings. The key is to accent focal points, allowing users to enjoy other elements in the entire space.

(5) Balance

If the balance and symmetry are not managed well in a space, it may result in an unprofessional image for corporate settings or become disproportionate for homes. This is an issue as it affects the measurement and fitting of furniture in both personal and corporate settings. Two types of balance are being affected by interior design:

Symmetrical Balance: This type of balance is commonly seen in traditional forms of interior designing. Symmetrical means the exact replication of one side to another, this is also subconsciously preferred by us as humans. We are naturally placed at ease and tend to automatically enjoy this type of balance.

Asymmetrical Balance: This type of balance is a trend in modern society as the difference triggers our perception to capture the slight imbalance of the design. Asymmetrical Balance strikes users in a spontaneous fashion, giving what is commonly known as an “a-ha” moment. However, when done poorly, it can be jarring in a negative fashion. Asymmetrical design can also be used to create directional cues that direct attention towards less obvious pieces of design.

store interior design

(6) Textures & Patterns

These elements of interior design revolve around the touch and sight aspects of the five basic human senses. When you use different surface textures, it creates additional dimensions and layers to the design in variables like furniture, walls, and floors.
There are two different types of textures used in interior design. There are optical and physical textures.

Optical Texture: Optical texture is the surface that people can view or what they perceive it to be. Different colours and patterns can be used to achieve a different depth of perception. An example would be using a brick wallpaper for a wall. This can change the perception from a smooth surface to a rugged one which may be desired in certain workplaces.

Physical Texture: Physical texture is the surface that people can see but more importantly, feel. This aspect is introduced in the form of materials in furniture, cushions or curtains. The texture emphasises on aesthetics but at the same time functionality. You would not want a cushion to look nice but has a rough cover.

Avoid monotony: If there is a main colour or texture that is constantly used throughout the space, then it is crucial to use other textures or an opposing colour scheme to create variety and avoid being monotonous.

Why Choose Visual ID as your Interior Design Partner

Visual ID is an interior design consultancy firm in Singapore, specialising in design projects catering to personal, retail space design as well as office space designs. With their competitive pricing, large portfolio, and evolving industry knowledge, Visual ID is the ideal solution for all your design needs. Choose our office interior design services today.